Duma gives initial backing to ‘foreign agent’ NGO bill
Russia’s lower house of parliament has
given initial backing to a bill that would force internationally funded
NGOs to re-register as “foreign agents.”
The bill, sponsored by the ruling United Russia party, was supported by
323 deputies in the 450-member State Duma deputies in the first of three
required readings. Four deputies voted against the bill and one
In protest, the opposition A Just Russia faction boycotted the vote.
Protesters also picketed in front of the Duma building as the bill was
Under the bill, all Russian NGOs funded from abroad and ruled to be
involved in politics, or acting in the interests of foreign states and
other international donors, will have to carry a “foreign agent” tag and
submit to more rigorous checks by the authorities.
Those include financial audits and a requirement to issue twice-yearly
reports on their activities. Those who file incomplete reports face
fines of up to 1 million rubles ($30,240). Violations of the new
measures would be punishable by prison terms of up to four years.
Organizations that fail to re-register as foreign agents within 90 days
after the law comes into force would be shut down for a period of six
Russian officials say the bill is aimed at preventing foreign states from influencing the country’s domestic politics.
“It only calls for honesty,” said United Russia Deputy Irina Yarovaya, who co-authored the bill.
Tool Against Protesters?
Critics say the bill is a new and potent tool for the authorities in
their crackdown on the opposition that followed unprecedented winter
protests against marred elections and Russian President Vladimir Putin.
During the protests, Putin had accused foreign governments, including
the United States, of propping up opposition parties and protesters.
Tanya Lokshina, the deputy director for the Moscow office of the
international NGO Human Rights Watch, told RFE/RL that the result of the
July 6 vote was “unsurprising” given the ruling party’s domination of
“This law is disastrous for Russian civil society. This law is
disastrous for all independent organizations at work in the country,”
“While on the one hand, some next-to-insurmountable obstacles will be
created for their work in the form of very burdensome reporting
procedures, in addition to that, and primarily, the law is targeted
toward demonizing and marginalizing them in the public opinion.”
Many NGOs in Russia rely on foreign grants because funding is largely unavailable in Russia.
Earlier, Mikhail Fedotov, the head of Putin’s advisory human rights
council, said that the bill “contradicts the Russian Federation’s
constitution, which calls for political diversity and ensures every
citizen has the right to participate in managing state affairs.”
Western governments have also expressed concern about the bill, which is apparently being fast-tracked through the Duma.
Maja Kocijancic, spokesperson for EU foreign-policy chief Catherine
Ashton, noted that consideration of the new measures comes on the heels
of another controversial law that dramatically raises fines for
people found guilty of taking part in unsanctioned rallies. Adopted in
June, it was also rushed through parliament despite pleas from rights
“We are still talking about a draft law at the moment, but what we see
right now is not particularly encouraging,” Kocijancic told RFE/RL.
“We believe that the new draft law would, if adopted, impose even
further restrictions on foreign-funded NGOs and could, at the end of the
day, even affect the support that the European Union is offering to
NGOs,” she added.
“The EU will, of course, closely follow the debates on the law and all
of the possible repercussions and Russian civil society and fundamental
During the debate on the bill, A Just Russia Deputy Ilya Ponomaryov
pledged the opposition would campaign against United Russia in the
future by referring to it as “the party of foreign agents.”
The second and the third readings of the bill are expected next week.
With reporting by Richard Solash and additional reporting by AFP and Interfax
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